Resources / ecosystems
The research focuses on the following areas: interdependencies between marketable and non-marketable ecosystem services in agricultural production, knowledge expansion in the field of biodiversity economics, trade-offs and synergies between production intensities and overall environmental impact (e.g. greenhouse gas emissions), adaptation as well as mitigation responses to climate change related risks. The aim is on the one hand to pinpoint sustainable development paths and optimized farm management options for agricultural producers, and on the other hand to provide a scientific basis for efficient environmental policy making in agriculture. The empirical research work has a strong quantitative focus. Basis is a farm level approach that is guided by microeconomic theories and sound conceptual frameworks. In terms of methodology the research group makes use of integrated bio-economic modelling, econometric examination of panel and cross section data and experimental econometrics.
Establishing a strategic research cooperation in South Asia/India
The main goal of this project is to build a successful research collaboration between the chair for Agricultural Production and Resource Economics at TUM and the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) South Asia, based in Delhi, India. We want to put TUM and the chair “on the map” in Indian agricultural research through joint research projects/publishing joint papers with CCAFS SA and through dissemination of knowledge gained through these activities.
The first workshop with CCAFS SA was in Delhi in November 2016; further workshops are planned in spring and summer 2017. In addition to the workshops, we also meet with stakeholders and go on fieldtrips. The expected output of these workshops is a high-quality application addressed to several donor organizations for funding an innovative, highly relevant joint research project. We also aim to attract promising Indian students to do their PhD at our chair, either as part of such a joint project or through DAAD funding.
The initiation of this cooperation is funded by TUM under their “TUM Global Incentive Fund” initiative. (Prof. Dr. Johannes Sauer)
Accompanying evaluation of submeasures of the Bavarian Rural Development Programme (RDP) 2014-2020
Since the communitarisation of agricultural policy in 1962 the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is a central policy area of the European Union (EU). Ever since a big part of the EU budget is used for this area, however, the share of the overall budget has been decreasing continuously over the past years.
Agricultural expenditures are financed by two different funds. Direct payments to farmers and policies to regulate or support the agricultural markets are financed by the European Agricultural Guarantee Fund (EAGF), while the development of rural areas is funded by the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD). The implementation of the EAFRD funding takes place in a decentralised manner through Member States based on respective “Rural Development Programmes”.
1.5 billion € from the EAFRD are available for Bavaria in the funding period 2014 to 2020. Including Bavarian and national means, the RDP encompasses a total finance volume of approximately 3.5 billion €. .
To assess the impact of the programme and to improve RDPs, the EU requires a careful evaluation. The Chair of Agricultural Production and Resource Economics is responsible for this task in cooperation with the Research Group for Agricultural and Regional Development Triesdorf and Ecozept. Specifically, the chair is focusing on agri-environmental measures as part of the RDP. Based on matching approaches and difference-in-difference estimations, programme effects are being quantified. Suitable indicators help to model environmental effects. Farm-level effects of programme participation will also be analysed.
The project is funded by the Bavarian State Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Forestry. (Philipp Mennig)
FEEDBACK - Finding Ecological and socio-Economic system Dependencies in Biodiversity conservation and Agricultural land use for the management of Key system drivers
Tipping points occur in both ecological and the socio-economic systems, and the dynamics of these systems may be linked, such that management of tipping points requires a joint analysis of the combined socio-ecological system. This proposal aims to contribute to a better management and prevention of tipping points, by using a modelling approach that is both guided and tested with data from model regions. We will set up coupled socio-economic, ecological and agricultural models, to understand the conditions under which tipping points in ecological and socio-economic systems are causally linked. The output of the socio-economic models, in particular land-use allocation, will be the input for the agricultural and ecological model. Conversely, the output of these models, in particular biodiversity, yield and ecosystem services, will serve as input for the socio-economic models. Modelling will be guided by scenarios including global change drivers such as climate change but also market shocks or the rural exodus. Our project will focus on tipping points at the landscape scale in the range of 100–1000 square km, to include a mechanistic understanding of land-use decisions. We identified a number of candidate model regions, in Europe, Africa and South America. Scenario development, model set-up, and the test of the modelling using empirical data will be carried out together with stakeholders. The preliminary phase of the project will be used to review the knowledge on coupled tipping points in the socio-ecological system, to develop the modelling framework, and to select model regions for the main phase. In the main phase of the project modelling and empirical tests will be carried out. Model outcomes will be translated into suggestions for management strategies in cooperation with stakeholders.
The duration of the project proposal is 12 month in cooperation with the chairgroups Weisser, Kollmann, Rammig, and Knoke. (Prof. Dr. Johannes Sauer)
BLIZ - Interactions between society, land use, ecosystem services and biodiversity in Bavaria until 2100
How will ecosystem services and biodiversity develop in Bavaria? The interdisciplinary joint project BLIZ takes a look into the future and designs new scenarios for a sustainable management of ecosystems in Bavaria. The aim of the group of six subprojects at four universities is to process concrete instructions and estimate possible uncertainties.
In subproject 4, the Chair of Agricultural Production and Resource Economics and the Institute of Forest Management (Prof. Dr. Knoke) will analyze the impact of climate change on land use and multifunctionality. The land use change in Bavaria will be analyzed retrospective as well as predictive. Recent changes in the Bavarian landscape will be investigated by means of remote sensing methods. Based on the predictions of the climate-sensitive ecosystem model LPJ-GUESS (subproject 1), decisions of farmers and foresters will be modeled. The results include especially economic motivated as well as multifunctional developments (in consideration of ecosystem services) of future land use options (agroforestry, plantations for fuel wood).
ZA-NExUS: Sustainable agricultural policy – conserving nature, protecting the environment
Project partners: Wageningen University (Coordinator), Technical University of Munich, University of Osnabrück and Justus Liebig University Gießen
Funded by the German Federal Environment Agency the project „Sustainable agricultural policy – conserving nature, protecting the environment” develops scientifically based options for the future development of agricultural policy from the perspective of nature conservation and environmental protection. With a focus on Germany and Europe, the project conducts a systematic review of the systemic environmental impacts of agricultural activities. On this base, the project develops a vision for a multifunctional agriculture that is compatible with nature conservation and environmental protection, as well alternative strategic options which are also assessed. (Prof. Dr. Johannes Sauer)